What’s the difference between superficial and deep characterization?
Deeper comprehension of point of view and why a character makes certain decisions is deep characterization. Give readers a three dimensional grasp of your protagonist with motive and point of view, not only a superficial description of their voice or hair.
Shallow habits, way of life, routines and mannerisms can lead us to formulate a way to show deeper description. Habits are formed, a way of living arrived at, routines chosen and mannerisms developed. How? Your superficial portrayals can reveal moral fiber and history. Excellent! But generally speaking your reader will really understand the protagonist’s fundamental character when they understand his/her point of view. That’s where you have to show not tell. Scenes that tell a story explain point of view.
I like to establish motive first and foremost. Motive obsesses me for the first 20,000 words at least. I feel that if readers don’t understand the why, then you are not going to convince them, or make them believe. For example, in my new book, why is Leone lonely? Why doesn’t she have any friends in Florence? Why is her mother-in-law such a big part of her life? And why is she, of all people, being targeted by con people? Once I have those deeper characterization issues sorted, with stories and scenes, the plot can fully evolve and my readers will believe everything that happens to Leone.
Your reader should clearly understand why the protagonist makes certain decisions; only then can they understand the problem, action or ‘what’s at stake.’
If, through superficial and deep characterization your protagonist and antagonist are believable and compelling, you’re on your way!
And if you would like to learn more about building a strong, memorable cast in your novel, visit my previous blog on how to create distinguishing aspects for each of your characters. Be sure to also check out my favourite character-building tool, the Character Bible.